Coronaviruses explained: what you need to know

KNWA

The World Health Organization reported the new strand was identified by Chinese authorities earlier this month.

NORTHWEST ARKANSAS, Ark. (KNWA) – The newest, deadly coronavirus has spread to five countries including the U.S.

Just the name of the virus can cause panic but as we’re learning– you’ve likely heard of it before because there are several different types.

According to the Centers for Disease Control, there are seven types of coronavirus that can infect people.

The four you see below usually cause upper respiratory tract illness like the common cold. It states most people get infected with one of these strains at some point in their lives.

  1. 229E (alpha coronavirus)
  2. NL63 (alpha coronavirus)
  3. OC43 (beta coronavirus)
  4. HKU1 (beta coronavirus)

The CDC states sometimes coronaviruses that infect animals can evolve and make people sick and become new human coronavirus. Three recent examples are:

  1. MERS-CoV (the beta coronavirus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, or MERS)
  2. SARS-CoV (the beta coronavirus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS)
  3. 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

The newest type of the virus, that’s sickening hundreds of people in China, is the 2019 Novel Coronavirus.

The World Health Organization reported the new strand was identified by Chinese authorities earlier this month. It’s associated with an outbreak of pneumonia in Wuhan City, China.

We decided to look into the different strains of the virus after our News Director received word that a child at her son’s daycare was sick with the coronavirus.

Dr. Laurie Anderson– a pediatrician with the Children’s Clinic at Springdale– says parents need not worry if they hear this because it’s likely not the one that originated in China.

She also says the CDC is the only lab in the United States that can test for the new virus.

“There are lots of other coronaviruses that you can have, most of which cause diseases like the common cold,” Dr. Anderson said. “We have the ability here in labs in Arkansas to test for the random coronavirus that can cause the common cold.”

There are currently no vaccines to protect against any type of coronavirus.

The CDC says it commonly spreads through the air by coughing and sneezing, close personal contact and touching your mouth after touching an infected surface or object.

There are ways to protect yourself like washing your hands and covering your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze.

Copyright 2020 Nexstar Broadcasting, Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

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